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Korean American Feminist Poetry: The Korean War & Partitioning of Korea

This is a research guide for Anna Maria Hong's course Honors Seminar: Korean American Feminist Poetry (LIT4159.01)

Korean War

June 25,1950 - July 27,1953

Korean War, conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives. The war reached international proportions in June 1950 when North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal participant, joined the war on the side of the South Koreans, and the People’s Republic of China came to North Korea’s aid. After more than a million combat casualties had been suffered on both sides, the fighting ended in July 1953 with Korea still divided into two hostile states. Negotiations in 1954 produced no further agreement, and the front line has been accepted ever since as the de facto boundary between North and South Korea. More information from the Encyclopedia Britannica

Partitioning of Korea

1945

The Cairo Declaration, issued on December 1, 1943, by the United States, Great Britain, and China, pledged independence for Korea “in due course.” At the Yalta Conference held in February 1945, a four-power trusteeship for Korea consisting of the United States, Great Britain, the U.S.S.R., and the Republic of China was proposed. The General Order No. 1, drafted on August 11 by the United States for Japanese surrender terms in Korea, provided for Japanese forces north of latitude 38° N (the 38th parallel) to surrender to the Soviets and those south of that line to the Americans. The historic decision to divide the peninsula has aroused speculation on several counts. Some historians attribute the division of Korea to military expediency in receiving the Japanese surrender, while others believe that the decision was a measure to prevent the Soviet forces from occupying the whole of Korea. More information from the Encyclopedia Britannica