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Korean American Feminist Poetry: Korea Under Japanese Rule & Comfort Women

This is a research guide for Anna Maria Hong's course Honors Seminar: Korean American Feminist Poetry (LIT4159.01)

Korea Under Japanese Rule


Japan set up a government in Korea with the governor-generalship filled by generals or admirals appointed by the Japanese emperor. The Koreans were deprived of freedom of assembly, association, the press, and speech. The colonial authorities used their own school system as a tool for assimilating Korea to Japan, placing primary emphasis on teaching the Japanese language and excluding from the educational curriculum such subjects as Korean language and Korean history. The Japanese built nationwide transportation and communications networks and established a new monetary and financial system. They also promoted Japanese commerce in Korea while barring Koreans from similar activities. More information from Encyclopedia Britannica

Comfort Women


Comfort women, also called military comfort women, Japanese jūgun ianfu, a euphemism for women who provided sexual services to Japanese Imperial Army troops during Japan’s militaristic period that ended with World War II and who generally lived under conditions of sexual slavery. Estimates of the number of women involved typically range up to 200,000, but the actual number may have been even higher. The great majority of them were from Korea (then a Japanese protectorate), though women from ChinaTaiwan, and other parts of Asia—including Japan and Dutch nationals in Indonesia—were also involved. More information from Encyclopedia Britannica