Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Popular Rule and its Discontents: Concepts

A LibGuide created for Crina Archer's course, "Popular Rule and its Discontents" (POL2113)

Political Theory Overviews

Democracy

Democracy, in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority".

Marxism

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and a dialectical view of social transformation. It originates from the mid-to-late 19th century works of German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

Liberalism

Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. Whereas classical liberalism emphasises the role of liberty, social liberalism stresses the importance of equality.

Populism

Populism is a political philosophy and movement usually characterized by a desire to take power away from the wealthy, elite members of society and redistribute it among the common people, often through direct democracy.

Republicanism

Republicanism is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.