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Black Studies: Négritude Movement

A guide to our history, our present, our future, solely for our wellbeing.

The Negritude Movement

The Négritude movement is in many respects the most important expression of cultural nationalism in Africa and represents a significant current of the political and cultural awakening during the twentieth century in the black diaspora. As a concept, Négritude is associated with the literature and thought of French-speaking African and Caribbean writers and intellectuals, who began during the 1930s to challenge the tenets of French colonial rule and to assert their cultural inheritance as black people—an assertion that derived from a sense of their common connection to Africa as the ancestral homeland. In the course of its active development over a period of forty years, the movement saw the production of an extensive body of literary works and ideological writings, and was animated by a series of manifestations—notably two major conferences in Paris (1956) and Rome (1959)—which sought to promote a recognition of Africa as a realm of humanistic values. (Read more in the The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought)

The Négritude Movement

Aimé Césaire, 1913-2008

Paulette Nardal, 1896-1985

Léon Damas, 1912-1978

Frantz Fanon, 1925-1961

Léopold Sédar Senghor

David Diop, 1927-1960